Happenings / Clinical Signs
Visibly sick birds
- Few visibly sick birds
Lameness or unusual movement incoordination ataxia
- Locomotor problems
Body Parts (Neck, wings, breast, abdomen, shanks, legs, hock, feet, joints, vent, and skin)
- Leg shifting
- Inability to bend the toes
- Joints enlarged and feet appear deformed
Diet or Feed Changes
- Recent Feed delivery
- Recent formulation /diet
It is characterized by the deposit of urates (tophi) in and around joints, particulary those of the feet. It may be confused with abscesses of bumblefoot on the feet. The joints are enlarged and feet appear deformed.
It is usually a chronic disease; rare and sporadic in mature chickens (4-5 months and above).
The clinical condition is characterized by leg shifting, lamaness and inability to bend the toes.
Urate deposition should not be considered as a disease entity, but a clinical sign of severe renal dysfucntion that causes hyperuricemia . Clinician and diagnosticians alike tend to use the historical terms "visceral gout" if the urates are deposited in the viscera and "articular gout" if the urates are deposited around the joints.
- Causing Agents
- It is probably due to a metabolic defect in the secretion of urates by the kidney tubules. Genetics or High protein in the diet. It has been reproduced by feeding high-protein diets. It is tempting to infer that results from excessive production of uric acid. Studies in a line of chickens breed for high incidence of articular urate deposition. However, it indicates that it may have a defect in the tubular secretion of uric acid.
- Affected Systems/Organs
- Urinary System. Joints specially feet
- Mainly Affects
- Locomotor system
- Therapy is only a palliative
- Suggested Actions
- Can be confirmed with clinical signs and gross lesions
- Can be dealt with in house
- Technical assistance recommended
- Can be managed with feed additives, off-the-shelf medications
- Diagnosis should be confirmed with rapid assays and/or a certified laboratory
- Veterinary intervention is recommended
Impact on Egg quality
Impact on Liveability
Impact on Production
Overall Economic Impact
Y.M. Saif.2008.Disease of Poultry. 12th Edition. 1177
David E. Swayne. 2013. Diseases of Poultry 13th Edition. page 1255
Mark Pattison, Paul F. McMullin, Janet M. Bradbury. Dennis J. Alexander. 2008. Poultry Diseases. 6th Edition.
Paul McMullin. 2004. A pocket Guide to Poultry Health and Disease. First Edition.
Steven Leeson, John D. Summers. 2008. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. Third Edition.