Coccidiosis, Duodenum, (E. acervuli ...

Coccidiosis, Duodenum, (E. acervulina) Subclinical Infections in Laying Hens

Coccidiosis, Duodenum, (E. acervulina) Subclinical Infections in Laying Hens

This species is the most frequently encountered in commercial poultry. Light to moderate infections may produce little effect on weight gain and feed conversion. Egg production may drop in laying hens. Watery and mucous droppings may be observed.

An infection with mid-intestinal species of coccidia is a major predisposing factor for Clostridium sp. infection. Colonization of the small intestine by Eimeria sp. may lead to intestinal mucosal damage which may then, in turn, provide natural substrates (plasma proteins) required for Clostridium sp. proliferation.

Egg drop

  • Egg production declines gradually
  • Egg production may be depressed in laying hens

Droppings

  • Watery and mucoid droppings may be seen as early as 4 days post exposure

Internal egg quality

  • Yolk colour decreased or yolk discoloration or paler yolks may be present
Causing Agents
Protozoal Infection parasites Eimera acervulina. Intestinal coccidiosis
Affected Systems/Organs
Intestinal Tract Small intestine
Spread
Ingestion of viable sporulated oocysts is the only natural method of transmission. Oocysts can be spread mechanically by many different animals, insects, contaminated equipment, wild birds and dust.
Mainly Affects
Egg production and Performance
Solution
Adequate Pullet coccidial immunization program. Anticoccidial drugs. Good hygiene practices, vaccinations, coccidiostat in feed or water.
Suggested Actions
  • Can be managed with feed additives, off-the-shelf medications
  • Can be managed with vaccination programs
  • Diagnosis should be confirmed with rapid assays and/or a certified laboratory
  • Veterinary intervention is recommended

Impact on Egg quality

0

Impact on Liveability

0


Impact on Production

1

Overall Economic Impact

1



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Mark Pattison, Paul F. McMullin, Janet M. Bradbury. Dennis J. Alexander. 2008. Poultry Diseases. 6th Edition.

Paul McMullin. 2004. A pocket Guide to Poultry Health and Disease. First Edition.

Steven Leeson, John D. Summers. 2008. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. Third Edition.

Donald D. Bell, Williams D. Weaver. 2009.  Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. Fifth Edition.

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