Ascaridia Galli (Roundworm Large) ...

Ascaridia Galli (Roundworm Large) Heavy Infection in Laying Hens

Ascaridia Galli (Roundworm Large)  Heavy Infection in Laying Hens

These worms are common in poultry, even cage layers, were worms eggs are mechanically carried by flies. Hens 3 months of age or older manifest considerable resistance to infection with A. galli, regardless of previous infection status.

 Most of the times Ascaridia galli infection is a subclinical condition

Pathogenicity is generally low, although in heavy infection. Ascaridia galli infection causes weight depression in the host proportionate to increasing worm burden. In severe infections, intestinal blockage can occur. Chicken infected with a large number of ascarids suffer retarded growth, and increased mortality. 

The damage to the intestinal mucosa results in limiting the absorption of carotene and other micronutrients.

Ascaridia galli can also synergize the effects of other diseases conditions, such as coccidiosis and infectious bronchitis. A. galli reportedly contain and transmit avian reovirus. The infection by this nematode is the occasional finding of this parasite in the hen's egg. Infected eggs can be detected by canding. This nuisance has been greatly reduced by the use of modern anthelminthics to effectively kill both larve and adult worms.

Observed Clinical Signs Happenings

Mortality above the standard

  • Low mortality or increases gradually

Dead birds

  • Skinny body  (Poor body fleshing condition)

Body Parts (Neck, wings, breast, abdomen, shanks, legs, hocks, feet, joints, vent, and skin, abnormalities), skinny body, retarded growth, weight depression

  • Retarded growth
  • Weight depression

Internal Egg contents defects

  • Yolk colour variable
  • Worm inside the egg detected by candling, although this is most difficult with brown-shelled eggs.

Ascaridia Galli (Roundworm Large)  Heavy Infection in Laying Hens DOES NOT exhibit or manifest any of the following clinical signs happenings:

  1. Egg dro
  2. High mortality or increases rapidly
  3. Dead birds:Skinny body (Poor body fleshing condition)
  4. Visibly sick birds
  5. Flock behaviour activity change
  6. Droppings abnormalities
  7. Respiratory abnormalities
  8. Neurological Nervous
  9. Lameness or unusual movements, incoordination, ataxia
  10. Eyes abnormalities
  11. Head, Comb, Wattles, Face, Nostrils, Sinuses, Mount, Beak, Ear lobes, abnormalities (except eyes
  12. Feathers abnormalities
  13. Feed Consumption Changes
  14. Diet or Feed Changes (Recent Feed delivery, Recent formulation /diet, Other silo or improper storage, Other feed brand)
  15. Shell quality defects

 

DDX

No sure about Mortality and/or Body abnormalities and/or worm inside the egg (internal egg contents) rule out the following disorder:

Oxidative Breakdown of Carotenoids or Inadequate Pigment Ratios in Laying Hens

 

Causing Agents
Parasitic intestinal track infection of nematode. Worm parasites. Ascaridia galli.
Affected Systems/Organs
Reproductive system. Intestinal tract.
Spread
Fecal-oral Cycle. The parasites may be transported by grasshoppers and earthworms and are resistant to environmental. A. galli reportedly contain and transmit avian reovirus
Mainly Affects
Liveability and egg quality
Solution
Use of modern anthelminthics to effectively kill both larve and adult worms. Removal of droppings from feeders and drinkers and pasture rotation and regular anti-parasite treatment (as locally approved), especially in young birds and Free range production system. The nutritional state of the bird also influence the development of immunity. Diets high in vitamins A and B (complex) increase the fowl's resistance to A. galli. Increasing levels of dietary calcium and lysine decreased the length and number of worms recovered.
Suggested Actions
  • Can be confirmed with clinical signs and gross lesions
  • Technical assistance recommended
  • Can be managed with feed additives, off-the-shelf medications
  • Diagnosis should be confirmed with rapid assays and/or a certified laboratory
  • Veterinary intervention is recommended

Impact on Egg quality

1

Impact on Liveability

1


Impact on Production

0

Overall Economic Impact

1



David E. Swayne. 2013.  Diseases of Poultry 13th Edition. page 1121

Y.M. Saif.2008.Disease of Poultry. 12th Edition. page 1038

Paul McMullin. 2004. A pocket Guide to Poultry Health and Disease. First Edition. page 180

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