Aging in Laying Hens
The longer the period of egg laying period is (without a pause for molting), the poorer the shell quality. Twice as many eggs are cracked from hens over 40 weeks of age, compared to younger flocks, because of thinner and weaker shells. Molting restores a significant portion of previous cycle shell quality. For instance, the average cracked eggs between 40-49 weeks old is 3.5% compared with 6.2% between 60-69 weeks old. The number of cracked eggs, hairline cracks(a very thin straight-line crack or line check), thin-shelled, pourus, or soft eggs, and with rough surface increases.
The diet calcium retention or absorption is about 55% for young laying hens, and 40% for older layers. Some old birds may loss oviduct muscle tone and produce rough surface egg-shelled.
The egg contents related to the watery white (Haugh unit score should be 70; <50 is poor) diminishes with the age and the blood and/ or meat spots increases. Heights of 8 to 10 mm are considered as indicators of superior interior quality.
Feathering condition or feather cover of laying hens declines as the bird ages.
Observed Clinical Signs Happenings
- Poor feathering condition or uneven feathers
- Poor feather cover or feather loss
- Cracked eggs (Check eggs) or Egg Breakage
- Hairline cracks (Blind checks)
- Rough-shelled Rough surface eggs
- Thin-shelled and soft-shelled or porous eggs
Internal Egg contents defects
- Blood and or Meat spots
- Watery White or White Haugh unit decreased score should be 70 poor 50
Aging in Laying Hens DOES NOT exhibit or manifest any of the following clinical signs happenings:
- Egg drop
- Mortality above the standard
- Visibly sick birds
- Flock behaviour activity change
- Droppings abnormalities
- Respiratory abnormalities
- Neurological Nervous
- Lameness or unusual movements, incoordination, ataxia
- Eyes abnormalities
- Head, Comb, Wattles, Face, Nostrils, Sinuses, Mount, Beak, Ear lobes, abnormalities
- Body Parts (Neck, wings, breast, abdomen, shanks, legs, hocks, feet, joints, vent, and skin) abnormalities
- Feed Consumption Changes
- Diet or Feed Changes
If you are no sure about specific egg shell defects and internal egg quality
Aging is the only one to have feathers abnormalities among 15 disorders left
- Egg Collection Equipment Design or Malfunction in Laying Hens
- Egg conveyor crowding of eggs or with high speed in Laying Hens
- Egg Washing Method inadequate in Laying Hens
- Eggs Collection Method in Laying Hens
- Eggs Excessive Buildup in Egg Roll-out Trays and on Collection Belts in Laying Hens
- Eggs Rough Handling by Staff in Laying Hens
- Excess or Phosphorous (P) in Laying Hens
- Infectious Bronchitis in Laying Hens
- Lighting Program inadequate in Laying Hens
- Manganese (Mn) Deficiency in Laying Hens
- Stress, Handling, Frights or Disturbance at Night in Laying Hens
- Toe Nails Holes in the Shell or Broken Eggs Damage in Laying Hens
- Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) Deficiency in Laying Hens
- Vitamin D Moderate Excess in Laying Hens
- Zearalelone Mycotoxicosis in Laying Hens
- Causing Agents
- Aging symptoms associated with age
- Affected Systems/Organs
- Deterioration of the reproductive system over time
- Mainly Affects
- Shell Quality. Interior Egg Quality
- Good nutrition, good husbandry practices, the addition of anti-oxidants and certain feed additives seem to alleviate the effects of ageing. Culling (removing non-productive birds) should be a continuous process over the course of a flock's life. Culling should be intensified during the latter stages of laying cycle.
- Suggested Actions
- Can be dealt with in house
- Technical assistance recommended
- Can be managed with feed additives, off-the-shelf medications
Impact on Egg quality
Impact on Liveability
Impact on Production
Overall Economic Impact
Y.M. Saif. 2008. Disease of Poultry. 12th Edition.
David E. Swayne. 2013. Diseases of Poultry 13th Edition.
Mark Pattison, Paul F. McMullin, Janet M. Bradbury. Dennis J. Alexander. 2008. Poultry Diseases. 6th Edition.
Paul McMullin. 2004. A pocket Guide to Poultry Health and Disease. First Edition. page 30
Steven Leeson, John D. Summers. 2008. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. Third Edition.
Donald D. Bell, Williams D. Weaver. 2009. Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. Fifth Edition. page 1101